1599                                      
 fire
1742
A St. Augustine Timeline
Pedro Menendez
Juan Ponce de Leon
Jean Ribault
Sir Francis Drake
Bishop Juan de las Cabezas Altamirano
Castillo de San Marcos
General James Oglethorpe
Governor James
Grant
John Moultrie
Acting Governor
Governor Patrick Tonyn
Fort Matanzas
St. Augustine Cathedral
Father Felix Varella
Sheriff Dudley Garrett
Sheriff Francis O'Loughlin
Bishop Felipe J. Estevez
Bishop Victor Galeone
Bishop John Snyder
Dr. Martin Luther King
Stoner, Manucy, Lynch
Mrs. Malcom Peabody
W. Douglas Hartley
Superintendent of Schools
Sheriff L. O. Davis
Alcazar Hotel
Ponce de Leon Hotel
Grace Methodist Episcopal Church
Apache Women and children prisoners
Flagler's Barracks for African-American Workers
San Marco Hotel
Villa Zorada
Trinity Episcopal
Bishop
William J Kenny
Mayor James
Ingraham
Bishop
Patrick Barry
Bishop
Michael J. Curley
Sheriff S. E. Davis
General Edmund Kirby Smith
Bishop
John Moore
Bishop Verot
General William Wing Loring
Mayor
Hamilton Upchurch
Mayor
Frank Upchurch
Ponce de Leon Statute
Marjorie Kennan Rawlings
photo by  Carl Van Vechten
Mayor Kenny Beeson
Governor Andrew Jackson
St. Augustine Seawall
Col. Louis Bell
Col. Haldimand S. Putnam
St. Augustine Confederate Memorial in
the Plaza
Spanish Constitution Monument in Plaza
Mayor
Walter Fraser
Custom Search
Year
Month/Day
Event
10,000 BC  
  Paleoindians in Florida
700 - 1600
  Timucuas live in St. Augustine area
    First Spanish Period
1460-1521
  Lifespan of Juan Ponce de Leon
1512
February 23
Juan Ponce de Leon issued charter by the Spanish King for Bimimi
1513
March 27  
Juan Ponce de Leon “discovers” Florida
1513
April 2
Juan Ponce de Leon lands in Florida.
    Discovers Gulf stream
1519
February 15
lifespan of Pedro Menendez de Aviles
1521
Feb 20
Juan Ponce de Leon attempts colony at either Caloosahatchee River or Sanibel Island
1526
  San Miguel de Gualdape on Sapelo Sound, Georgia
1528
April 14
Panfilo de Narvaez  at Tampa Bay.
1539
May 25
Hernandez de Soto makes landfall at Tampa Bay
1542
May 21
Death of Hernandez de Soto
1549
June 25
Fray Luis Cancer de Barbastro martyred at Tampa Bay
1556
January 16
Philip II, King of Spain
1559
August 14
Don Tristan de Luna y Arellano reaches Pensacola Bay
1560
  Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis with Spain
1562
Spring
Jean Ribault reaches St. Augustine (French)
1561
June
Rene de Laudonniere builds Fort Caroline (Fort San Mateo onstructed) (French)
1565
March 20
Pedro Menendez signs contract with King Philip II for Florida
  July 8  
8 ships under Pedro Menendez leave the Canary Islands
  August 28
See Florida – Feast Day of St. Augustine
  September 8
Pedro Menendez lands in what would become St. Augustine
  September 18  
Marches troops north to attack Fort Caroline
  September 20
Captures Fort Caroline
  September 29
Menendez puts French Protestants to death at Mantanzas
1566
April 19  
First Fort burned in St. Augustine by Indians
  Oct
Governor Esteban de las Alas
1566-1568
  Second Fort and City moved to Anastasia Island
Santa Elena built on Paris Island, S. C
1566-1572
  Jesuits in Florida - 1566 First Jesuit missionaries in St. Augustine, first Jesuit martyr in
United States
1566
July
Third Fort
1568
April 25
French destroy Fort San Mateo (old Fort Caroline) - De Gourges
1570
August
Pedro Menendez de Aviles II
1571
  Fourth Fort built
  July
Diego de Velasco Governor
1573
  Code of regulations for Plazas called Leyes de Las Indias - St. Augustine moved
back to mainland.
    Misson Nombre de Dios established
    First Franscian Missionaries
1576
Feb
Hernando de Miranda Governor (deserted)
  April
Alonso de Solis Governor (killed)
  Sept
Gutierre de Miranda Governor
1577
March
Pedro Menendez Marques, Governor
1577
  Indian attack destroys town
1579
  Fifth Fort built
1580
  Governor Pedro Menendez Marques officially reports the discovery of stone (coquina)
1585
July 27
Sir Walter Raleigh’s Colony of Roanoke started
1586  
  Sixth Fort started – San Juan del Pinillo
1586
June 6-12
Drake raid on St. Augustine – saved by African Juan Fernandez. (The Boazio map
created)
1586
July
Seventh Fort started – San Marcos
1587
  Franciscan mission church erected at Pueblo Nombre de Dios
1588
  Construction begins on the Franciscan Monastery (Convento de San Francisco)
1592  
  Father Francis Pauja translates first book into Native American language
1594-95
  Governor Martinez Avendano
1596-98?
  Stone power magazine at wooden fort
1594
June 10  
first existing recorded baptism in Saint Augustine:  Maria, daughter of Juan Jimenez de
la  Cueva and of Maria Melendez, his wife.
1597-1603  
  Governor Gonzalo Mendez de Canzo
1597
  First Hospital in America built at Nuestra Senora de la Soledad (Our Lady of
Solitude)
1589
September 13
Philip III, King of Spain
1598
  First Government house started
    Nuestra Senora de la Soledad opened as first hospital in United States
1599
  fire
1599
September 2
Hurricane
    1600 St. Augustine
1602  
  Hearings Conducted to decide whether or not to abandon St. Augustine
1603
  Pedro de Ybarra Governor
1604
  Eighth Fort Constructed
1605
  Bishop Juan de las Cabezas Altamirano conducted first Episcopal visit to St.
Augustine.
    Franciscans open seminary, first school in United States
1607
May 14
Jamestown Founded
1610
  Juan Fernandez de Olivera Governor (died in office)  
1613  
  Juan de Trevino Guillamas Governor
1618
  Juan de Salinas Governor
1620
December 21
Plymouth Founded
1621
March 31  
Philip IV, King of Spain
    Thirty Years War
1624
  Luis de Rojas y Borja Governor
1633-38
  Governour Louis de Horrutiner
1638  
  Major Storm hits St. Augustine
    Damian de Vega Castro y Pardo Governor
1645
  Governor Benito Ruiz de Salazar Vallecilla (suspended)
1648
January
Governor Benito Ruiz de Salazar Vallecilla (died in office)
  October 24
Treaty of Westphalia
1651
  Governor Condador Nicolas Ponce de Leon (died in office)
  October
Governor Pedro Benedit Horruytiner
1653
  Ninth Fort Constructed
1654
June  
Gov Diego de Rebolledo (arrested)
1658
May
Gov. Santos de las Heras
1659  
February
Governor Alonso de Aranguix y Cotes (died in office)
1663
November
Sgt. Major Nicolas Ponce de Leon II  - Governor
1664
December
Governor Francisco de la Guerra y de la Vega   
1665
September 17
Charles II “el Hechizado”, King of Spain
1668
  Pirate Robert Searles (Davis) raids St. Augustine
1670
April
Carolina Founded – Charles Towne
    Treaty of Madrid sets the boundary to 10 miles north of the Savannah River with the
English
1671
July 6
Sergeant Major Manuel de Cendoya Governor and captain general of Florida (died in
office)
  August 8
Quarries opened on Anastasia Island
1672
October 2
first shovelful of dirt on foundation trenches
  November 9   
first stone laid at Fort
1672-1695
  Castillo de San Marcos built
1673
  first Lighthouse built
1674
  Hurricane and flood levels St. Augustine
    Bishop Gabriel Diaz Vara Calderon visits Florida
1675  
  powder magazine built of stone
  May
Governor Pablo de Hita Salazar
1678
  stone church built at Pueblo Nombre de Dios
1680-1687
  Governor Juan Marquez Cabrera
1683  
  Free Company of mulatto and black militia formed in St. Augustine
  March  
English pirates attack St. Augustine from Mosquito inlet (fail)
1686
  Nicholas Agramont (English freebooter) attacks St. Augustine repulsed by Captain
Antoniode Arguelles
1687
August
Governor Diego de Quiroga y Losada
  October  
first fugutive slaves arrive from English colony of Carolina
1689
  Coquina stone used for private houses
1693   
  Charles II makes slave sanctuary official
  September
Laureano de Torres y Ayala Governor
1696
  Sea wall
1696
September 23
The Reformation is grounded on the east coast of Florida.with Quaker  Jonathan
Dickinson along with his family.
  November 2
Spanish soldiers took the Dickinson and Nantwich party in custody and escorted
them to St. Augustine.
  November 19
Arrive in St. Augustine. 5 people died of  exposure enroute.
1699
  Governor Joseph de Zuniga y Cerda
    St. Augustine in the 1700s
1700
November 16  
King Philip V, Spain (1st Time)
1702
May 4
War of Spanish Succession (aka Marlborough's Wars, Queen Anne’s War)
1702
September
Siege by Governor James Moore of South Carolina (51 days) (War of Spanish
Succession)
1702
Oct 27
English and South Carolinian troops plundered St. Augustine but Castillo stands firm
1704-05
  Cubo Line built (second 1737)
1704
  Second invasion of Florida by Governor Moore
1706
  Governor Francisco de Coroles y Martinez
    Hornwork created – log wall 2 miles north of Cubo from Mission Nombre de Dios to
San Sebastian River
1713
  Government house rebuilt of stone
1716
  Pedro de Olivera y Fullana (died in office)
1718
  Governor Antonio de Benavides
1719
  Rosario Line
  August 2  
War of the Quadruple Alliance
1724
January 14
Louis I, King of Spain
  September 6
Philip V (2nd time)
1725   
  Col. Palmer (Carolina) invades Florida and attacks St. Augustine burns Numbre de
Deos
1726   
  Francisco Menendez is appointed captain of St. Augustine's African militia but he is
still a slave.
1728
  Raid against St. Augustine by Col John Palmer of  Carolina Numbra de Deos
destroyed
1733
February
Savannah and the Colony of Georgia founded
1734
  Francisco del Moral Sanchez (arrested)
1737  
  Governor Manuel de Montiano  
    Rebuilding of the Franciscan Monastery in stone (Convento de San Francisco)
1738
  Castillo modernized (Engineer Pedro Ruiz de Olano more vaults and the watchtower)
    1st Fort Mose built
  March 15    
Governor Manuel de Montiano grants slaves in the militia their freedom.
1739
April 9
British Captain Robert Jenkins lost an ear to a band of Spanish brigands
  October 19
War of Jenkins Ear
1739-40   
  Wood Gate to the city called “La Leche gate”
1740
January
Tall doomed watchtower built on northeast San Carlos bastion in Castillo.
  May
Siege by Governor Oglethorpe of Georgia (War of Jenkins Ear)
  June 26
Fort Mose recaptured by Spanish (Bloody Mose)
1740-42
  Coquina fort built at Mantanzas
1742
  Spanish failed invasion of Georgia
1743
  Royal Hospital built on Aviles Street
1744
March 15
War of Austrian Succession aka King George’s War
1748
October 18
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
1746
July 9
Fernando VI, King of Spain
1749  
  Governor Melchor de Navarrete
1750
  Friary completed at the Franciscan Monastery (Convento de San Francisco)
1752
  2nd Fort Mose built
1754
May 24
Seven Years War (French and Indian)
1755
  Governor Alonso Fernandez de Heredia
    Fort Picolata rebuilt.
1755-56
  Engineer Pedro de Brozas y Garay completes the rest of the Castillo vaults, placed
royal   arms over the main gate.
1758    
  Governor Lucas Ferando de Palacio y Valenzuela
1759
August 10
Charles III, King of Spain
1762
  Governor Melchor Feliu
1763
July 21
End of the First Spanish Period (close of the Seven Years War or the French and
Indian War)
    British Period 1763-1783
1764
January 21
Last Spanish ship leaves St. Augustine
  August 29
James Grant first Governor arrives
  October 31
Grant’s inauguration as Governor
1768
April 17
Minorcans sailed for New Smyrna from Gibraltar
  June 26
Minorcans arrive in St. Augustine
  August 19  
First revolt of the Minorcans at New Smyrna
1771
May 9
John Moultrie becomes acting Governor
1773
April 22
Grant resigns as governor
1774
  Patrick Tonyn appointed governor
    Kings Road built from Georgia border to New Smyrna.
1776-1781
  American Revolution
1777
June
first Minorcans flee to St. Augustine
  November 9
Minorcians with Father Camps arrive in St. Augustine
    Minorcians freed by courts from contract with Turnbull.
1780  
  Thomas Heyward, Jr, Arthur Middleton, and Edward Rutledge, signers of the
Declaration  of Independence are among the prisoners held in St. Augustine.
1783
January 20
Treaty of Paris signed
    Second Spanish Period
1784
June 26
Fleet arrives from Havana carrying Gov. Vizente Manuel de Zespedes
  July 12
Change of Flags takes place
  July 13
Father Camps officiates at the Te Deum
1785
  Chapel entrance at the Castillo de San Marcos by Engineer Mariano de la Rocque
  May
Father Francisco Troconis y Rosas begins teaching the poor without charge.
1786
December 8
King of Spain orders a new house of worship to be built in St. Augustine
1787  
  Father Hassett opens the first free school for Minorcan children.
1788
  Father Felix Varella born
  February 13  
Government officials order work to begin on Cathedral
1790-96  
  Juan Nepomucena de Quesada governor
1790
March
plans approved for the Cathedral
  May 19  
Father Pedro Camps dies (1735 born)
1791
  William Bartram writes Travels.
1793
January 13
Father Narciso Font dies
  April 12  
Property acquired for Cathedral
    Cornerstone for Cathedral laid
1794
  Felix Varela, orphaned, comes to St. Augustine to live with his maternal grandparents.
1795
June
invasion by Georgians and disaffected Floridans
    Father O’Reilly made vicario of East Florida
1796
January
General Jorge Biassou his wife and 23 followers arrive in St. Augustine.
  June 5
Governor, Colonel Don Enrique White
1797
December 8  
Cathedral dedicated
1800
May 20
Permission given to bury Dr. Father Camps in Cathedral
  May 27
Permission given to bury Father Font in Cathedral
1801
July 14
General Jorge Biassou (Hispaniola) dies in St. Augustine
1803
April 8  
Don Miguel Ysnardy (Iznardy) dies and is buried in Cathedral
1804
  Bishop Augustin Verot – first Bishop of St. Augustine born
1808
  Current City Gate built by Engineer Manuel de Hita
    Santa Domingo Redoubt 57 feet by 72 feet
1809
October 27
President James Madison ordered the annexation of the western part of West Florida.
1810  
  Buckingham Smith born
    Republic of West Florida
1811
Oct  
Hurricane – damages Government House
1812
March 13
Georgians and Floridians declare the Republic of East Florida beginning of Patriots
War
  June
Sebastian Kindelan Governor of Florida
1813   
  Spanish Constitution Monument erected Geronimo Alvarez Mayor)
  May   
Florida abandoned by American regular troops
1814
Nov 7
Andrew Jackson attacked and captured Pensacola, Florida, defeating the Spanish
and driving out a British force.
1817
June 29
Gregor McGregor proclaims the Green Flag Republic in Fernandina
  Nov 20
1st Seminole War began in Florida.
1818  
  City  Gate completed with addition of stone guardhouses and pomegranate
decorations by Francisco de Cortazar
  April 18
A regiment of Indians and blacks was defeated at the Battle of Suwanna ending the
1st Seminole War.
  December 14
General William Wing Loring born
1819
February 22
Onis-Adams Treaty
    Sarah Mather born
1820    
July 5
George Fairbanks born
1821
February 22
Onis - Adams Treaty ratified by both countries
    American Territorial Period in Florida
1821
June 4
Castillo de San Marcos turned over to Americans
  July 10
Exchange of Flags
    Mexico gains independence
    Union Hotel started (Ward House)
  July 7
Andrew Jackson becomes the governor of Florida.
  July 22    
Mayor - Gabriel Guillermo Perpall (July 22-Aug 1821)
  August 27
James Grant Forbes, Mayor (to Nov 4, 1822)
  October 7
Rev. Andrew Fowler conducts the first Episcopal services in St. Augustine Florida
    Huguenot Cemetery built
1822  
  Dr. William H. Simmons publishes Notices of East Florida
  March 30
Congress combines East and West Florida into the Florida Territory.
  May 27
Andrew Jackson resigns as Governor of Territory of Florida
  November 4
Mayor-   Waters Smith
1823
  Treaty of Moultrie Creek (confined Seminoles to reservation)
    Charles Vignoles publishes Observations Upon the Floridas
  February 28
Joshua M Glenn becomes the first Methodist minister exclusively appointed to Florida
(St. Augustine).
  November 4
Mayor - Thomas H Penn  
1824  
  General Edmund Kirby-Smith born  (first infant baptized in Trinity Episcopal)
    Market built in current location on plaza.
    Watchtower becomes Florida’s first lighthouse with Juan Andreau as the first
lightkeeper
  June 10
Presbyterian Church formed – Dr. William McWhir first pastor
  November 2
Mayor - Bernardo Segui  
1825
June 23
Trinity Episcopal Church
  November 18
Mayor - William Reynolds
1825-1890
  Presbyterian Meeting House on St. George Street.
1826
July 18
Mayor - Davis Floyd, Pro-Tem (July 18, 1826)
1826-1911
  lifespan of Franklin Smith builder of Villa Zorayda and Casa Monica
1826
November 16
Mayor - Waters Smith
1827-1895
  General Stephen Vincent Benet  (Union)
1827
  Ralph Waldo Emerson in St. Augustine
  November
Mayor - John Drysdale until August 10, 1830
1828
  First internment in St. Augustine’s National Cemetery
1829-1876
  Bishop Jean-Pierre Augustine Verot
1829
  Bethel Methodist Church (near Monson)
1830
  Trinity Episcopal Church constructed
  January 2  
Henry Flagler - Born to Isaac Flagler (died July 1876) and Elizabeth Caldwell
Morrison (died 1861)
  November 11
Mayor - E. B. Gould
1831
January
Florida Education Association formed in Tallahassee
  November
Mayor - John Gray Jr.
1832
March 31
Ordinance for a Free School passes St. Augustine City Council
  November  
Mayor - Joseph L. Smith  
1833-34
  Government house renovated with the designs of Robert Mills
1833
  Florida House Hotel built
  November 14
Mayor - Antonio Alvarez (Nov 14, 1833-1835)
1835-1842
  Second Seminole War
1835
  freeze destroys Oranges
  November
Mayor - Dr. Frederick Weeden (Nov 1835-1836)
  December 8
Dade Massacure
1836
June 21
General Winfield Scott relieved of command
  November 17
Mayor - E. B. Gould (Nov 17, 1836- Dec. 30, 1837)
1837
October 27
Osceola seized under a white flag and imprisoned at Fort Marion
  November 9
Wildcat and 19 followers escape Fort Marion  
1838  
January
Mayor - Bernardo Sequi, Pro-Temp (Jan 1838)
  January 27
Mayor - Francis L. Dancy ( reelected Nov 14, 1839)
  January  30  
Osceola dies at Fort Moultrie in South Carolina (born 1804)
  May 15
Brigadier General Zachary Taylor assumes command
1839-1924
  Dr. Andrew Anderson
1839
  Construction Begins on Markland
1840
November 10
Mayor - Antonio Alvarez (Nov 10, 1840)
    Clerk of Courts - P B Dumas (1840-1853)
1841
November 10
E. B. Gould, Mayor of St. Augustine
1842
March 23
Alexander W. McClure Acting Bishop of the Presbyterian Church in St. Augustine to
July 13, 1845
  August 13   
Andrew Guy and other slaves escape by boat
  November 17
Abraham Dupont, Mayor of St. Augustine (Oct. 30, 1843 resigned)
1843  
November
William Forward, Mayor
1843-1923
  Lifespan of George Maynard (painter of murals at the Ponce de Leon Hotel)
1844  
  Planters Hotel built
1844
November
E. B. Gould, Mayor
    Statehood Period
1845
March 3
Florida Statehood (27th State)
  March 3  
1st Constitution for Florida
  March 3
William D. Moseley was elected the new state’s first governor
  November  
Benjamin A. Putnam, Mayor, City of St. Augustine & ex-officio J. P.
    Jose Simeon Sanchez Sheriff 1845-47
    St. Augustine Fire Company organized – first fire engine purchased
1846
November  
Joseph Sanchez, Mayor
1847
  Bethel Methodist Episcopal South on St. George Street
    Magnolia Hotel built
    James M. Gould, Sheriff 1847-48
  November  
Gad Humphreys, Mayor
1848
  Michael Usina, sheriff 1848
  November
Joseph M. Hernandez, Mayor
1849  
  R. B. Canova, Sheriff 1849-53
    Father Varela returns to St. Augustine due to poor health, will spend last five years
here
  November  
Mathew Solana, Mayor
1850
November
E. B. Gould, Mayor
  November 18
James Edmunson Ingram future vice president of the Florida East Coast Railway was
born
1851
November
George Phillips, Mayor
1852
May
Peter C. Zylstra, Mayor
1852
July
Gad Humphreys, Mayor
1853
February 25   
Father Felix Varella dies in house adjacent to Cathedral buried in Tolomato Cemetery
1854
  B A Putnam, Mayor
    County Clerk of Courts - John Drysdale
    Jacob Mickler, Sheriff 1854-55
1855
  Clerk of Courts - David R. Dunham (1855-1857)
    Paul Sabate, Sheriff 1855-57
  December 18
Third Seminole War
1856
  George Fairbanks, Mayor
    Florida Historical Society founded
1857
  A. D. Rogero, Sheriff 1857-61
  November
Mathew Solana, Mayor
1858
  Augustin Verot named bishop following erection of Florida as Vicariate Apostolic
    Incorporation of the St. Johns Railroad by Dr. John Wescott and others
    George Fairbanks publishes The History and Antiquities of the City of St.
Augustine
  November     
Paul Arnau, Mayor
    Clerk of Courts - John Lott Phillips
1858-1911
November 8
lifespan of  John Carriere (one of the two architects of the Alcazar and Ponce de
Leon)
1859
October 30  
Joseph R. Parrott born in Oxford Maine
    Clerk of Courts - David R. Dunham (1859- February 1866)
    Sheriff- A. D. Rogero
1860-1929
March 1
lifespan of Thomas Hastings (one of the two architects of the Alcazar and Ponce de
Leon)
1860
May 12
St. Augustine Blues organized. (Officially Florida Independent Blues)
  November  
Rafael B. Canova, Mayor
    Civil War Period
1861
January 7  
Confederates take Fort Marion
  January 10  
Florida votes to secede from the United States
  August 5
St. Augustine Blues enrolled into Confederate Service
  November  
Paul Arnau, Mayor
1862
March 10
St. Augustine Blues leave St. Augustine
  March 11
Union occupies St. Augustine. Col Louis Bell, 4th New Hampshire Volunteers
Commander.
  April 12
St. Augustine placed under Martial Law  - Military Rule
  May 9
1 South Carolina Regiment organized (33rd USCT)
  September 3  
Col. Haldimand S. Putnam, 7th New Hampshire becomes Commander
1863
January 1
President Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation (proclamation read in Old
Spanish Cemetery)
  May 7   
Col. Joseph Hawley, 7th Connecticut becomes Commander
  June  
2 South Carolina Regiment organized (34 USCT)
  August 13
Major Dudley Strickland 48th New York becomes Commander.  
  September 28
Col. Francis Osborn 24 Mass. Volunteers becomes Commander.
  late October    
Col. John L. Otis, 10th Connecticut becomes Commander
1864
February 20   
Battle of Olustee
  May 19
Col. William H. Noble, 17th Connecticut, Commander (captured)
  August 25
Lieut Col Albert  Wilcoxon, 17th Connecticut, Commander (killed)
    William Mickler, Sheriff 1864-65
1865
March 12
Major Henry Allen, 17th Connecticut, Commander
  May 31
Col. Wallen, 7th U. S. Cavalry, Commander  
    Bishop Verot travels to Le Puy, France to recruit Sisters of St. Joseph to teach freed
African-American children
  December 18
13th Amendment to the US Constitution radified by the States.
    Reconstruction
1866
  A. D. Rogero, Sheriff 1866-67
  January
Samuel Buffington, Mayor
  June
Venancio Sanchez, Mayor
  November
Mayor - Ramon Canova
    First Sisters of St. Joseph (eight) arrive in St. Augustine
    Clerk of Courts - John C. Buffington (1866-1867)
1867
  Telegraph line links St. Augustine to Jacksonville and the outside world
  January
Sisters of St. Joseph start school in St. Augustine
  January  
Paul Arnau, Mayor
  August
George Burt, Mayor
  November
William Van Ness, Mayor
    Clerk of Courts - Fatio Dunham (1867 - August 1868)
1868
December 23
Peabody School Committee organized
1869
February 23
Dr. Oliver Bronson becomes first school superintendent of St. Johns County
  April
St. Johns County Public School system begins
  May 25   
Authorization received for the Freedmen’s Bureau to build African-American School
for $4,000
  October
Frank H. Palmer, Mayor
  October
Clerk of Courts - George W. Atwood
  October
St. Augustine Hotel built
  October
School for white girls by Sisters of St. Joseph
  November 8
Peabody School opens for white students -Public School #1
1870
March 11  
Diocese of St. Augustine created with Jean-Pierre Augustin Marcellin Verot as its first
Bishop
  November
William J. Watkins, Mayor
    Clerk of Courts - Charles D. Lincoln (1870-1874)
1871
  Sheriff - Ramon Hernandez
1872
  Statue erected to Confederate war dead - erected at Bishop's House
    Free Public library established in the former Smith house on Aviles Street
1873
  Iron rails replace wooden stringers in the St. Johns Railroad
  October 15   
Lighthouse built (162 feet) designed by Paul Pelz
  November
Paul Arnau, Mayor
  December 8
Buckingham-Smith Association feeds first meal
1874  
  H. Hernandez, Sheriff 1874-77
1875-1878
May 21
Kiowas, Comanches, Arapahoes brought to Fort
1875
November
T. T. Russell, Mayor
  December
W. J. Watkins, Mayor
1876
  Lighthouse Keepers House built
    Sunnyside Hotel built (remains the oldest surviving remnant of a St. Augustine hotel
today)
  November
T. A. Pacetty, Mayor
1877
  A. N. Pacetti, Sheriff 1877-81
    St. Joseph's Academy for white girls
  January 18   
last Federal Troops leave Florida
    John Moore named second bishop of St. Augustine (1877 – 1901)
    Post Reconstruction
1877
November
Thomas F. House, Mayor
    Clerk of Courts - Bartolo F. Oliveros (1877-1888)
  March 5
C O Reynolds resigns as 2nd School Superintendent
  March 5
Thomas W. Russell becomes 3rd School Superintendent
  May 13
John Moore 2nd  bishop of St. Augustine
1878
June
J. S. Relf, Mayor
1879
  Confederate Memorial Moved to Plaza
    U S Grant spends two weeks in town
  March 13
Thomas A Pacetti becomes 4th School Superintendent
  November
George S. Greeno -Mayor
1880
summer
first lighthouse slips into Salt Run
  November 11
Charles F Perpall becomes 5th School Superintendent
1881
  Raymond Hernandez, Sheriff 1881-88
  May 18   
Mary Harkness Flagler died
  June 8
death of Clarissa Anderson
  Fall
Methodist Episcopal Church organized (Olivet/Grace)
1882
January 2
Standard Oil Trust Formed
  November  
Charles E. Johnson, Mayor
    St. Ambrose School for whites opened by Sisters of St. Joseph
    Flagler Era Building
1883  
  Villa Zorada built (modeled after the Alhambra)
    Jacksonville, St. Augustine, and Halifax River Railway completed
  June 5
Henry Flagler marries Ida Alice Shourds (born July 4, 1848, died July 10, 1930)
  September
John G. Long, Mayor
  November
E. M. Alba, Mayor
  December
Henry Flagler honeymoons to Florida through March 1, 1884 stayed in part at
unknown St Augustine
1884
Winter
Olivet Methodist Church constructed corner of Tolomato and King
  November
John G. Long, Mayor
  November 29
Peter Arow becomes 6th Superintendent of St. Johns County Public Schools
  December
Florida Deaf and Blind School finished
1885
  San Marco Hotel opens
    Gulf Club organized
  February 25   
Henry Flagler returns to St. Augustine stayed at San Marco Hotel witnessed the
celebration of the landing of Ponce de Leon in March 1885
  April 20  
St. Augustine Gas and Electric Light Company formed
  December 1
groundbreaking on the Ponce de Leon Hotel
  December 31
Henry Flagler purchased railroad between Jacksonville and St. Augustine (See FEC)
    Ancient City Baptist given land
    Florida School for the Deaf and Blind started
    Yellow Fever Epidemic
1886  
  500 Apaches at Fort
  April 8  
First Apache prisoners left Fort Bowie (Ariz.) for Fort Marion.
  April 16
First Prisoners arrive
  April 20
First tents erected on north rampart
  June
Artesian well drilled in fort parade
  September  
Sisters of St. Joseph taught Apache children at Fort Marion
  September 11
Chatto’s band ordered to Fort Marion
  September 18
Arrive at Fort Marion
  October 26
Women and children captured with Geronimo arrive at Fort Marion from Texas
  October 30   
First group of Apache students left for Carlisle
  November 7
Last prisoners arrived in St. Augustine
  November 17   
Another group of students left Fort Marion for Carlisle, Pa.
  November
Dr. Andrew Anderson, Mayor
  December 21
An organization was formed in St. Augustine to further education of prisoners
1887
January
Five births in Fort Marion, including ‘Coquina’
  March
Clothing for women prisoners arrive at fort
  March 24
64 more Indian children left for Carlisle
  March 27  
Apache Indians leave Fort Marion
  April 12 (13?)
Cathedral Gutted by Fire
  May or June
Alcazar Hotel
  May  
Henry Flagler sells land to Franklin Smith to build the Casa Monica
  May 30
Ponce de Leon Hotel finished
  October 6  
Jenny Louise Flagler married Frederick Hart Benedict
  November
George Greeno, Mayor
    Southern Telepone Company erecting poles for its lines
    Castle Warden Built
    Lyon Building completed
    Market rebuilt on plaza
1888
  H. H. Floyd, Sheriff 1888-89
  January 1
Grace Methodist Episcopal Church opens
  January 10
Hotel Ponce de Leon openings
  April 20
Henry Flagler buys the Casa Monica Hotel with all furnishings, renamed the Cordova.
  May 22   
Henry Flagler assembles women at Ponce de Leon to discuss plans to build a hospital.
  November  
W. W. Dewhurst, Mayor
  December 23
Bishop John More blessed the rebuilt Cathedral
  December 25
Alcazar opens
1889
  Clerk of Courts - James W. Allen (1889-1892)
    C. J. Perry, Sheriff   1889-97
    St. Agnes, North City staffed by Sisters of St. Joseph
  February 9  
Jenny Louise Flagler Benedict gives birth to a baby girl
  February 22
Casino and Turkish baths open at the Alcazar
  June
W. S. M. Pinkham Mayor
1890
January 20
completed bridge across the St. Johns River at Jacksonville
  March 1
Alicia Hospital opened.
  March 16  
Memorial Presbyterian Dedicated
    Flagler Era 1890 to 1900
1891  
  Old Jail Built
    Florida East Coast Railway Hospital built
1891-1960
January 7
Zora Neale Thurston born
1892  
  Last Burial in Tolomato, Hugonout, and Mission Numbre de Dios
  July
Jose Marti visits St. Augustine and organizes the Club Padre Varela
  July
construction on Kirkside starts
1893
  Granada Hotel built
  March 1
Henry Flagler moved into Kirkside
  March 28  
Edmund Kirby Smith dies
1894-1895
  The Great Freeze
1895
  Wood Bridge completed from King Street to Anatasia Island
  March 29
Great Fire in St. Augustine – 60 Houses burned
  September 13  
railroad name changed to Florida East Coast Railway
    Ancient City Baptist Church holds first service
    Clerk of Courts -          David L. Dunham (1896-1900)
1896
  Robert Murray becomes manager of the Ponce de Leon Hotel. He retains this
position through 1931
  April 16
FEC railroad completed to Miami
1897
  S. E. Davis, Sheriff 1897-1901
  January 5   
E. H. Reynolds becomes the 8th St. Johns County   Superintendent of Schools
  June
Henry Gaillard
1898
April 22
US Declares War on Spain
    first graduation from Florida Deaf and Blind School
    St. Augustine sends the St. Augustine Rifles and the St. Augustine Light Infantry to
Tampa.
    Spanish-American War ends with Treaty of Paris
    St. Benedict the Moor School for African-American students built with funds from St.
Katharine Drexel
called St. Cecelia's
    Philippines Insurrection begins
1899
July
E. E. Boyce, Mayor
    The Progressive Era
1900
  Work completed on Markland
1901  
  C. J. Perry Sheriff, 1901-19
  January 8
W. S. M. Pinkham becomes the 9th St. Johns County Superintendent of Schools
  August 13
divorce of Henry Flagler to Ida Alice Flagler granted in Florida
  August 21
Henry Flagler engaged to Mary Lily Kenan (born June 14, 1867).  He was 71 she
was 34.
  August 24  
Henry Flagler marries Mary Lily Kenan
  November 27
FEC Railway Hospital Burns
    Clerk of Courts - Wm. F. Forward (1901-1902)
1902
  Clerk of Courts - W. Wallace Snow (1902-1917)
    John Papino last reconstruction African-American City Councilman shot by Marshall
Benet in Council Chambers
    William J Kenny consecrated as bishop in the cathedral.
  July 4
Theodore Roosevelt declares end of Philippine’s  Insurrection
1905
May 29
Alicia Hospital incorporated
1907
June
Eugene Masters, Mayor
1908
  Henry Flagler builds brick YMCA building
1909  
  Solla-Carcaba Cigar Factory
  April 27
The Florida House of Representatives approved the orange blossom as the official
flower of   Florida today.
1910
October
Orange Street School Opened
1911
June
DeWitt Webb, Mayor
    Father Varela's remains re-interred in Havana, Cuba
    New Freedom and World War I
1912
January 22  
first official train arrives in Key West Florida
1913
January 7
D. D. Corbett becomes the 10th St. Johns County Superintendent of Schools
  January 15
Henry Flagler falls down stairs at Whitehall
  May 20  
Henry Flagler dies
  May 23
Henry Flagler’s body lies in state at Ponce de Leon before removal to Memorial
Presbyterian Church
  June  
A. W. Corbett, Mayor
1914
April 2
Large fire – Florida House Burned
    Capo Bath House, Genovar Opera House, Hotel Clairmont, Monson House, County
Court House burn
    Michael J. Curley appointed Bishop of St. Augustine
    Chapel at Mission of Nombre de Dios restored.
1915
July
James E. Ingraham, Mayor
1916   
  Old Alicia Hospital destroyed by fire.
    3 Sisters of St. Joseph are placed under arrest as white teachers teaching  
African-Americans in black schools.
    Cathedral Parish School for whites (Sisters of St. Joseph)
1917  
April 6
US Declares War on Germany
  April 28  
Flagler County was created today (from St. Johns County)
  June 25   
US Troops arrive in France
1918
November 11
Armistice signed
    Clerk of Courts -  Obe P. Goode (1918-1936)
1919
  E. E. Boyce, Sheriff 1919-42
  February 18
death of Dr. Daniel W. Roberts
  June 28
Treaty of Versailles signed
    The Roaring 1920s
1920
February
P. R. Perry, Mayor
  July 6
Monument to General William Wing Loring built
1921
  Florida Memorial College moved to St. Augustine
  January 25   
New Flagler Hospital opened
  November 11
Anderson Circle dedicated
1922
  Patrick Barry named Bishop of St. Augustine
1923
November  11
Statute of Ponce de Leon
    Sons of Israel Synagogue built
1924
June 10
Dr. Anderson requests the city council to name new bridge either Ponce de Leon or
Bridge of Lions.
  October 15
Fort Marion and Fort Matanzas designated as National Monuments
1925
January 6
Robert B Meserve becomes the 11th Superintendent of St. Johns County Public
Schools
1926  
January
J. N. Fogarty, Mayor
  December 22
Magnolia Hotel burns
1927
February 26
Bridge of Lions opens to traffic
  April 1
Lights turned on bridge
  April 7
Formal dedication
  May 29  
Mantanzas River Bridge referred to as “Bridge of Lions”
  July
J. H. Manucy, Mayor
1928  
  First National Bank built
  January  
Frank D. Upchurch, Mayor
  July
Joseph Pearson Greaves dies former manager of the Alcazar Hotel
1929
January 8  
C. G. Oldfather becomes the 12th Superintendent of St. Johns County Public Schools
  January
George W. Bassett, Mayor
  April 24
Wilma Davis ordained as an elder in the Methodist Episcopal Church
    The Great Depression
1931
  C. A. Lamont
    T. Rogero Mickler
1932
  Alcazar Hotel Closes
    Cordova closes
1933
  Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings published South Moon Under
  January 3
D. D. Cobett returns as the 13th Superintendent of St. Johns County Public Schools
  July 28
Fort Marion and Fort Mantanzas turned over to the National Park Service
  May 3  
Robert Murray former manager of the Ponce de Leon dies.
    Edgar J. Wishard, Sr., Mayor of St. Augustine
1st Spanish Period 1565 to 1600  
Reconstruction 1865 to 1876
1st Spanish Period 1600 to 1700  
Post-Reconstruction 1876 to 1885
1st Spanish Period 1700 to 1763   
Flagler Construction 1885 to 1890
British Period 1763 to 1783
Flagler Era 1890 to 1900
2nd Spanish Period 1783 to 1821
Progressive 1900 - 1912
American Territorial 1821 to 1845
New Freedom and World War I
American Statehood 1845 to 1860
The Roaring 1920s
Civil War 1860 to 1865  - Page 1
The Great Depression
Civil War 1860 to 1865 - Page 2
World War II
Civil War 1860 to 1865 - Page 3
Post World War II Era
Civil War 1860 to 1865 - Page 4
Civil Rights 1960 to 1965
Civil War 1860 to 1865 - Page 5
St. Augustine Rebounds 1965-1990
Civil War 1860 to 1865 - Page 6
Subject Index
Civil War 1860 to 1865 - Page 7
Timeline of St. Augustine History
1934  
  Zora Neal Hurston publishes Jonah’s Gourd Vine
    Mayor Walter B. Fraser
1935  
  Zora Neal Hurston publishes Mules and Men.
1936  
  Government House entrance made like Chapel at the Castillo by architects Mellen
Clark Greeley and Clyde Harris
    Lens at the Lighthouse changes from kerosene to electricity
1937
  Zora Neal Hurston publishes Their Eyes were Watching God
  May 23   
John Davison Rockefeller (97) dies at Ormond Beach.
  July 12    
death of Clarence K Knotts – former manager of Ponce de Leon and general
manager of Flagler Hotel system.
1938
  Visitor Information Center Built
1939
  Marjorie Kennan Rawlings publishes “The Yearling
1940
  Joseph P Hurley named bishop of St. Augustine
    World War II
1941
  Marjorie Kennan Rawlings marries Norton Baskin, a St. Augustine business man.
They buy Castle Warden
1942  
  Name of Fort changed from Fort Marion back to Castillo de San Marcos
    J. T. Shepherd, Sheriff 1942-49
    Marjorie Kennan Rawlings publishes “Cross Creek” and “Cross Creek Cookery
    Mayor O. D. Wolfe
    Zora Neale Hurston writes autobiography, Dust Tracks on a Road.
1943
  Mayor Aubrey K. Sessoms
1944
  Mayor Frank J. Tart
1945
January 2
John A. Crookshank becomes the 14th Superintendent of St. Johns County Public
Schools
    Mayor George D. Young
1946
  Otto Lightner purchases Alcazar Hotel
    The Yearling” produced as a movie (Gregory Peck)
    Mayor Frank F. Harrold
1947
January 25
Al Capone dies of syphilis in Miami Beach.
    Mayor Herbert E. Wolfe
1948
January 1
Otto Lightner opens Lightner Museum as Lightner Museum of Hobbies
    Mayor Leonard Drazba
1949
  Potter’s Wax Museum opens
    L. O. Davis Sheriff 1949-1970
    Mayor Ronald F. Jackson
1950
  Ripley’s Believe it or Not opens
    Marjorie Kennan Rawlings publishes “Jacobs Ladder
    Bishop Hurley receives personal title of Archbishop from Pope Pius XII
  June 9  
Otto C Lightner dies in Chicago
1951
  Gary Cooper in “Distant Drums” filmed at the Castillo
1953     
  Old Jail closes
1954
September 24  
Granada/ Alhambra Hotel burns
    Mayor Dwight L. Brett
1955   
  Marjorie Kennan Rawlings publishes “Secret River
    Lighthouse becomes automated
1956
  Mayor Hubert P. Hahn
1957
January 8
W. Douglas Hartley, Superintendent of St. Johns County Schools
    Mayor Clyatt R. Powell
1958
February 25
St. Johns River Community College opened in Palatka
    Mayor Walter Bugeski
1959
  Mayor J. Earl Mickler
    St. Augustine and Civil Rights
1961
  Henry Thomas arrested at Woolworth’s lunch counter
    Mayor James S. Lindsley
1963
January 13
Florida East Coast Railroad strike  
  March 11
Vice-President Lyndon B Johnson visits St. Augustine
  June  
demonstrations at Woolworths, McCrory’s, Service Drugs, and the St. Augustine
Civic Center.
  July 2
demonstration at the Tourist Information Center
  July 2
Demonstration at St. Augustine Beach
  July 24
demonstration at the St. Johns County Jail
  August  
Labor Day demonstration on the plaza
  September 18  
KKK rally beats up Hayling
    Mayor Joseph A. Shelley
1964
March 25  
Demonstration at Tourist Information Center
  March 31
Mrs. Malcom Peabody arrested at Ponce de Leon Motor Lodge.
  March 31
Murray High School demonstration at Plaza
  May 26
Dr. King speaks at 1st Baptist
  June 11
Dr. Martin Luther King arrested at the Monson
  June 18
Swim – in at the Monson Hotel
  June 25   
Confrontation at St. Augustine Beach
  July 2
Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964
1965
September 8   
Cross Constructed
  November 16
Walt Disney launches Epcot Center.
1966  
  Florida Memorial College moves from St. Augustine
    St Augustine Rebounds
1966
October 30
Dedication of the Cross at Nombre de Dios
1967
March  
Hotel Ponce de Leon closed.
    Hamilton Upchurch, Mayor
1968
  Paul F. Tanner becomes Bishop of St. Augustine
1969
May 27
Walt Disney World construction begans in Florida
    Mayor James S. Lindsley
1970
May 26
Cross and Sword made official play of Florida
    St. Johns Public Schools desegregate
    Dudley Garrett, Sheriff 1970-80
1971
Oct 1
Walt Disney World opens in Orlando.
    Mayor Robert E. Barclay
1972
  Cathedral designated a National Historic Landmark
1973
  City Hall moves to the old Alcazar Hotel.
    Mayor Arthur H. Runk
1975
  Statue of Father Camps erected beside Cathedral
    Mayor Edward G. Mussallem
1976  
  Cathedral designated a Basilica
1979
  Mayor Fred A. Brinkhoff, Jr
    Bishop John J. Snyder becomes eighth bishop of St. Augustine (1979 - 2000)
1981
  Francis O’Loughlin, Sheriff 1981-84
    Mayor V. Noel Helmly
    Mayor Ramelle D. Petroglou
1982   
  Mayor Paul L. Martz
1983
  film “Cross Creek” produced
    Mayor Ramelle D. Petroglou
1985
  Neil Perry, Sheriff 1985
    Mayor Kenny Beeson
1990
  Mayor Tracy W. Upchurch
1992
  Mayor Gregory Baker
1995
  Mayor Len Weeks
1999
December 10
Casa Monica reopens
2000       
  Mayor Mark Alexander
2001  
  Victor Galeone named ninth bishop of St. Augustine
2002  
  Mayor George Gardner
2005
  David B. Shoar - St. Johns County Sheriff
2006   
  Mayor Joseph Boles
2011
  Felipe J. Estévez named tenth bishop of St. Augustine
Zora Neal Hurston
Dr. Bronson History Pages is the project of Rev. Gilbert Wilson. Rev. Wilson was a Congressional Aide to Congressman
Ken Hechler, past President of the Maryland Council for Social Studies, Past Coordinator for the Maryland National History
Day, past President of the St. Augustine Genealogical Society, co Editor of the St. Augustine Genealogy Journal, and past
Vice President of the St. Augustine Habitat for Humanity.
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Mayor John G Long
Mayor Andrew Anderson