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See also Port Royal Experiment
General T. W. Sherman Reports on Negro Labor -
December 14, 1861
War of the Rebellion Records
HEADQUARTERS EXPEDITIONARY CORPS,
Port Royal, S. C., December 14, 1861.
General LORENZO THOMAS,
Adjutant-General U. S. Army, Washington, D. C.
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following to the consideration of the general-in-chief and to the
War Department:

...

All our work which is immense is done by volunteer soldiers and it all drags for the want of a sufficient
number of able directors. The negro labor expected to be obtained here is so far almost a failure.
They are disinclined to labor and will evidently not work to our satisfaction without those aids to which
they have ever been accustomed, viz, the driver and the lash. A sudden change of condition from
servitude to apparent freedom is more than their intellects can stand, and this circumstance alone
renders it a very serious question what is to be done with the negroes who will hereafter be found on
conquered soil.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

T. W. SHERMAN,
Brigadier-General, Commanding.
General T. W. Sherman
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General Lorenzo Thomas