An Ordinance. In addition to "An Ordinance to regulate the police of St. Augustine," passed 2d November, 1831.
Sec. 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of St. Augustine, That every free person of color residing or coming within the limits of the corporation, shall register his or her name with the Clerk of the City Council. Those residing within the limits of the City on or before the first day of November ensuing---and those coming within the limits at any time, within three days after their entrance, under the penalty of fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the Mayor and Council.
Sec. 2. Be it further ordained, that every free person of color, residing within the limits of this corporation, shall select a white person as guardian, on or before the first day of November next, whose name shall be presented to the Mayor, to be approved or not.
Sec. 3. Be it further ordained, that every free person of color who shall be found at large after the ringing of the Church Bell at night, (or on its failure to be rung, after the hour of 9 o'clock, P. M.) without the Ticket of his or her guardian, shall be taken up, and fined not less than two dollars for the first offence; nor less than five dollars for the second offence; and in case of non-payment of the fine, to receive not less than ten lashes for the first offence; nor more than thirty nine lashes for the second offence, at the discretion of the Mayor and Council.
4th. Be it further ordained, that tickets to free persons of color may be given monthly; unless the holder thereof shall be convicted of some offence against the laws or city ordinances; in which, case he shall be required to produce a new ticket for every time he is absent from his or her proper home after the time specified in the third section of this ordinance.
5th. Be it further ordained, that no free person of color who absents him or herself from this city without a ticket from his or her guardian, setting forth the particular business for which leave is granted, shall be permitted to return to the city; if he or she so offending shall persist in returning to the city, the person so offending shall be apprehended, fined and imprisoned, at the discretion of the Mayor and Council.
6th. Be it further ordained, that no slave or free person of color shall go by wather south of the mouth of the St. Sebastian River, or by land south of Fort Peyton, or the Quarries on Annstatia Island, during the continuance of the Indian war, unless in company with his or her master or guardian. Any slave or free person of color offending against this ordiance, shall be apprehended, fined and imprrisoned, at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen.
7th. Be it further ordained, that no negro, bond or free, shall keep, carry or use fire arms within the limits of the corporation, unless in company with his owner or guardian, or carry concealed weapons of any description whatever, under the penalty of fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen.
8th. Be it further ordained, that every free person of color coming within the limits of the city, immediately report himself and business to the Mayor, in default of which, he may be fined and imprisoned at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen.
Note - Thirty minutes after the ringing of the Catholic Church Bell all slaves and free persons of color are required to be at their inspective homes. Nov. 3
Being a free black in the pre-Civil War era was not necessarily a freed state that the white population had. They were limited by movement, occupation, curfew, and various other means to slow their interaction with slaves, native americans and whites. In 1838 the City of St Augustine required that freed blacks have a guardian white person. It was required that an acknowledgement be made of this relationship and placed on file in the City Hall. These are the surviving acknowledgements that can be found in the City records of St. Augustine in the city papers at the St. Augustine Historical Society.
11-1-1838 I acknowledge to be the guardian of the Bearer Maria Deane a free col woman - St. Aug. Nov 1838 Gabriel W. Perpall
I do hereby acknowledge myself to be the Guardian of Tom and his wife Philles, free Blacks St. Augustine. Nov 1838 Gabl W. Perpall
Lydia Burgos and her grand daughter Inez the first a free black and the second a colored woman having chosen me their Guardian I consent to accept and act as such for them. St. Augustine 31st Oct 1838 Joseph S. Sanchez
St. Augustine Oct 31th 1838 I have consented to be the Guardian of Anthony Papy (a free man of color) and of Jane his daughter a free woman of color. John M. Fontane
B.A. Putnam Guardian of Joe Richo, Boxer Wicks and Betsey his wife.
I consent to be the guardian of Hannah Forrester a free woman of color. John M. Fontane October 31 1838
John W. McKenzie I consent to act as the Guardian of John W. Mackenzie a free man of color 1 Nov 1838
Robt. Raymond Reid We hereby appoint Rob Raymond Reid our guardian and request that he may be so considered and accepted by the City Council of St. Augustine. Oct 1838
William R. Clarke Joseph Clarke Geo. P. Clarke John D. Clarke Sampson Williams James F. Clarke I consent to act as Guardian for the free persons of color whose names are signed to the above instrument of writing Oct 1838 Robt. Raymond Reid.
His honor the Mayor is respectfully informed that I am the Guardian of Sprizg Mosby, a free man of Color residing in the City of St. Augustine at ? Nabura, corner of Charlotte and Bent St. Very respectfully E.B. Gould 20th Nov 1838
St. Augustine Nov the 5 1838 Mr. Bernardo Seguil Sir I now inform you that I am guardian for Dick Forgason and his grandaughter and Sam Nelson. Daniel Hurlbert
I acknowledge myself to be the guardian of Juana, Namona Leandra, Catelina and Louisa Fernandez free people of colour St. Augustine 1 November 1838. G.W. Perpall