Return to the Department of the South
Who, What, When and Where
The Troop Placements in the U. S. Army
Department of the South in the Civil War
The Civil War was not to be won or lost on the Department of the South. The main purpose
of the Department was to enforce the U.S. naval blockade of the Confederacy. The Port
Royal operation also served as major depot for supplies for the Navy. The almost absolute
power of the U.S. Navy gave the army the ability to do coastal raids at a variety of points up
and down the coast forcing the Confederacy to keep much valued troops for defense and
losing valuable supplies (and slaves) to the invading raiders.

There were some high hopes for the Department. It was felt at various times that they could
strike a serious blow against the Confederacy by capturing Savannah, Charleston, or cutting
across the Confederacy's breadbasket of Florida. Yet until the arrival of General William T.
Sherman on his "March to the Sea" none of those goals were met.

Troops in the Expeditionary Army October 28,1861

Troops in the Expeditionary Army, February 28, 1862

Troops in the Department of the South June 30, 1862

Troops in the Department of the South, July 31, 1862

Troops in the Department of the South May 31, 1863

Troops in the Department of the South July 31, 1863

Troops in the Department of the South August 31, 1863

Troops in the Department of the South December 31, 1863

Troops in the Department of the South April 30, 1864
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