A
alcaide -
warden

alfange - cutlass

alferez - ensign, modern lieutenant

almirez con su mano - brass mortor with its base

anacotima - Timucuan - second counselor below iniha

armero - armorer

arquebus - portable firearm having a matchlock

arroba - 25.4 to 101 pounds or 3.3 to 4.3 gallons probably 25 lbs in Florida

atambores - drummers

atequi - interpreter

ayudantes - adjutants

azador - iron spit

azotea - flat slab roof

                     
B
balcony -
platform projecting from the wall of abuilding, supported by brackets and enclosed by a
balustrade.

baras - yard

barbacoas - beds and seats for the ciciques

barbero - barber

bastion - the pointed, projecting corner of a fort which allows for crossfire and for visibility along
the walls.

baul - trunk

bestido - suit (clothes)

biscocho - hardtack

bocasi - stiff, colored linen

boticario - apothecary

botija perulera -  arroba size jar 12-16 liters commonly used for wine

botijuela - 1/2 arroba size jar six-eight liters commonly used for olive oil

botijuelas de manteca - jars of lard

botones de zerda - horse-hair buttons

braza - fathom

buhio - Timucuan/Arawak - community house
        
               
  C
cabos -
officers in charge

caballeria - town lot land grant of 100 by 200 Spanish feet with additional lands for farming and
grazing.

cabos de escuadra - corporals squad leaders

cacas - game

cacica - Timucuan - chief

cacicado - Timucuan - chiefdom

cadalecho - continuous bunk, made of tree branches, along the inner walls of Indian lodges

calcetas - leggings

calcon - trousers

calcones - underdrawers

cancamo de timon - rudder mount

candil de garabatto - kitchen oil lamp

capellan de la fuerza
- fort's chaplain

capitan de armas - captain of the arms

capitan de mar y guerra - infantry officer in command of a ship (but under a navel officer)

capote - cloak

capote de pano - a cloth cloak

carretar
o - cartwright

carretas - long, narrow, hauling wagons

casa capitular - chapter house - Franciscan convent of St. Augustine

casa de comunidad - community house

cassine - Timucuan - herbal drink

catre de dor
mir - cot for sleeping

c
axa - coffer

caxonci
llo - a small chest

chicub
ite - Apalachee word for container

chi
nos - mixed bloods

coc
ina - kitchen

col
cha - quilt

colcho
nes - mattresses

cintillo de o
ro - gold band

ciruja
no - surgeon

cistern -
a reservoir or tank for holding rain water as a source for drinking water.

contador - accountant

cordoba
nes - leather

crea
- type of linen
        
crioll
o - person of Spanish descent born in the new world.

cuerpo de guardia princip
al - main guardhouse

cura y vicario de la parro
quia - parish priest

                  
   D
daga
- dagger

ducado
- 11 reales or 374 maravedis

       
              E
ell -
ell is a wing of a building that lies perpendicular to the length of the main portion.  It takes its
name from the shape of the letter L.

entretenidos - retainer, gentlemen volunteer

escrapin
es - slippers

escribano de raciones y municio
nes - rations and munitions notary

escribano publico y de gobernac
ion - public and governmental notary

escudillas colora
das - red bowls

executar
ia - writ

                 
    F
fanegas -
measurement - a little greater than 1/2 a bushel

ferreruelo - short cloak

frecadas mestiza
s - mestizo blankets

fras
cos - powder-flasks

frasqu
era - fire case

fun
das - pillow cases

funda de b
rin - canvas pillow case

futur
a - right of succession

 
                    G
gable -
The triangular wall enclosed by the ends of the house roof.

galliot - small galley using both sails and oars

garita
- granary

glacis
- exterior embankment of the fort

gobernador y capitan gene
ral - governor and captain general

guano - palm thatch; bird droppings.

           
          H
hacienda
- property

harina - flour

hasomi
- Timucuan - lineage

honoso n
ayo - Timucuan - lineage of the White Deer

hospitalero
- hospital steward

                    
  I
iniha
- Timucuan - commander, chief counselor

              
        J
jacal -
Indian lodge.

jergueta - rough course fabric

jin
eta - spontoon - symbol of rank for foot captains

ju
bon - jacket

                
      L
lanpot
e - cotton oriental cloth

libranza
s - warrants

liensecillo
- linen cloth

loggia - a gallery or arcade open to the air on at least one side

    
                 M

Maestre de camp
o - equivalent to colonel

maestro mayor de herreri
a - master blacksmith

majolic
a - a Spanish tableware

mandador de los esclavo
s - master of the slaves

manto
- cloak, shaw

medias - silk stockings

medias fressadas
- half-blankets

messa pequena - small table

mestizo - children of Spanish/Indian background

m
ico - Guale - hereditary cacique

                   
  N
Nueva Espana
- New Spain , Mexico

niaholata
- Timucuan - woman chief

        
             O
oficial de la media anata
- official of the half annate - accountancy's second assistant.

oficial segundo de contadu
ria - accountancy's second assistant

ollas
- pots

olandilla - tinted, pressed linen

ostion - large oyster

         
            P
paje de jin
eta - page (position)

pale - fence.

palma - palm tree; palm thatch.

palm
o - span of about 8 or 9 inches

p
ano - cloth

pardos y more
nos - free men of color

pasamanos de s
eda - silk braids

pauel
lon - tent, field bed, or tent-like curtain

peina
dor - dressing-gown

peninsula
res - born in Spain

peonia - town lot given to a settler 50 by 100 Spanish feet (pie) with additional lands for farming
and                        grazin
g

pequata
s - Timucuan - servants

peruler
a - olive jar

petat
e - bag or basket woven of reeds

petate de arin
a - bag of flour

pie - one foot, Spanish measure (11 inches U. S.)

pif
ano - fifer

pinos -
pines

pinos gruesos - large pines

pipas - iron-hooped barrels.

pistoleti
llo - little pocket-pistol

platil
los - saucers

pla
ton -  large plate

platoncil
los - plates

plaza
- man pay in garrison

pleito homen
aje - soldier's oath to keep and defend the fort until death

punos de esp
ada - sword-hilts

punto de lone de bruse
les - stockings

                   
  Q
quibiro ano - Timucuan
- lineage of the Great Deer

              
       R
ramada -
arbor

re
al - 34 marvedis

reductos o fortines - small forts

repartimie
nto - labor draft

resca
tes - trade goods

residen
cia - governor's term in office

roble - oak tree

Ropill
a - doublet

rosarios de frutilla colorado
s - red rosaries

rua
n - fine, wrinkled linen

                     S
saba
nas - sheets, large field

sacerd
ote - priests

sacrista
n - mayor - chief sexton

sala - hall; living room

sargent
o - sargent

sillas de respalda
r - high-backed chairs

situado
- subsidy

sobrestan
tes - construction superintendents

solana -
open porch or gallery; an elevated porch.

solda
dos - privates

sombr
ero - hat

                      T
tabby -
mixture of lime, oyster shells, sand, and water to make walls, roofs, and floors.

tabique de ostion - wall made of oyster shell tabby.

tab
las - boards or planks (see tablon)

tablas de mante
les - tablecloth

tablon - plank (larger than board)

Tacataco
uru - Timucuan - St. Johns River

tachuel
a - tankard

tah
amani - shingles

tapi
a - tabby, a building conrete made of lime, shell, sand, and water; mud wall

tapia acerada - lime-plastered mud wall

tapia con paja - mud wall with straw

tapia real wall made of rammed earth and lime

tapial - mold for making mud walls.

tari
ma - large wooden bedstead

tasajo -
dried beef

tax
ali - shoulder-belt

tejada de palma -
palm-thatch roof

tejamaniles -
shingles

teniente del Castillo de San Mar
cos - lieutenant of the fort

terci
o - regiment

tesorero y tenedor de bastim
entos - treasurer and supply officer, quartermaster

tonel
andas - tons

to
neles - casks

tuna
que - Guale - secondary officeholder

              
      V
vino abinag
rado - soured wine

                   
W
weares
- Timucuan - Timucuan house

            
        X
xaramp
uda - to sift or winnow - porous fabric cheesecloth, lace, or mosquito netting

xinto - waist-belt

                       Y
ybitano
- Timucuan - highest advisor of the 2nd order (anacotima)

                      Z
zervill
entas - napkins
Spanish Vocabulary Words
To Understand Spanish St. Augustine
Return to Dr. Bronson's St. Augustine History
1st Spanish Period - 1565 to 1700
1st Spanish Period - 1700 to 1763
2nd Spanish Period - 1783 - 1821
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