Return to Port Royal Experiement
Pennsylvania Freedmen's Bulletin
Pennsylvania Freedmen Association
GH Port Royal School #4
Port Royal, S.C. (School No. 4) . The Retreat, January 21, 1865

We are all feeling very pleasantly this morning, because Gen. Saxton has been made Brevet Major
General. As we know that he is all right in the good cause, we would clothe him with all necessary
power. There has been much excitement on these islands. "I not want for tuk him down," I
occasioned by General Sherman's troops. Some of them seem to be poorly disciplined, and
behave in many cases like barbarians, shooting pigs, chickens, and destroying other property. If
the people undertake to protect themselves, they have been in several instances used very
roughly. This day a week since three men dashed up on horseback, fastened their horses and
entered the room where we were sitting; we could not do less than invite them to be seated, and
they remained some time talking about the "niggers," and what Sherman expected to do next,
seeming to think there was no sueh thing as fail with him. They were very much prejudiced against
the colored people, and seemed to doubt our words when we told them we knew the children to be
just as capable as white children.

One of their remarks was, that "as soon as ever you made anything of a 'nigger' he got so sassy,"
not seeming to know that their own insolence was unbearable.

On Sunday two drove in here to sell a horse, and as all the people are, horse-crazy, the bargain
was soon closed. Frank, the man who purchased, came in to horrow pen, ink and paper for writing
the receipt; when we told him it could not be a lawful receipt on Sunday, and that we did not believe
the horse belonged to the man, or he would not offer it for a hundred dollars, when the usual
prices range from §175 to $250, Frank concluded it would be better not to take the horse. Failing
in their object, the men soon left. Yesterday they killed six pigs on this place. The people were
greatly excited, and one man fired his gun at them. The excitement soon subsided, and the people
seemed to think such things were the result of war, with tho exception of one woman who was very
much incensed at them. She had expected to have purchased a new dress when she killed her
pigs, and the loss of the nice things she might have had, made her wish for "massa's times again."
Such doings from the soldiers are outrageous.

We have heard that General Howard has become more stringent in his orders, and the people's
property will be protected. A number of refugees are living in a tent two miles from here. The most
of them are anxious to get to work. Our people are daily looking for their friends from the main, and
we shall be quite glad to see them, and render them what assistance we can to make them
comfortable at the old plantation home.

Purchasers of plantations will be very anxious to employ the refugees, so that they will soon be
provided with homes. Yesterday the chpplaiu of the 26£h U. S. called and spent some time in our
school. He made a few pleasant remarks to the children, and thought he should call again; this is
quite an unusual event, for we seldom ever have a visitor. Yours respectfully, G. H.