Temporary Organization of St. Augustine
July 16, 1821

City Council

Days of Meeting -- Every Monday

John R. Bell, Captain of Artillery, Provisional Secretary of the Province.

Gabriel W. Perpall.

Joseph M. Hernandez,                Francis Joseph Fatio
William Travers,                         John Huertas (absent.)

Bernardo Segui.

John de Entralgo

City Wardens.
Joseph M. Hernandez --- Custom - House Ward,
William Travers,               Castle
Francis J. Fatio,               Church
John Huertas,                   Barracks

Police Officers and their Deputies
Anthony Mier, Joseph S. Sanchez -- C. H. Ward
Peter Benet, Ramon Rogero,            Castle
Matthew Solana, John Fontane,        Church
Andrew Papy, John Pellisen,             Barracks

Mayor's Court - daily - from 9 to 12, a.m.

Collector, Pro.
George Gibbs.

Inspector, Pro. Temp.
Joel Dickinson.

Board of Health
Gabriel W. Perpall,                             Francis P. Sanchez,
William Travers,                                   Dr. Richard Murray,
Rev. Michael Crosby,

Board of Pilotage
Francis P Sanchez,        Merchant
Charles Robiou,             Merchant
Antelm Gay                    Merchant

Justices of the Peace
River St. John's.
Francis R. Sanchez -- Upper District
Francis Philip Fatio --  Lower District

Nassau River
John Broward

St. Mary's River
Shadrack Stransley -- Upper District
John T. Lowe,          -- Lower ditto.

Notary Public
John de Entralgo

Public Translator
Francis Joseph Fatio.

Notice of which is given to the Public by order of the City Council
John de Entralgo, Secretary.

St. Augustine, July 16, 1821

* * *

The question is who was the first American Mayor of St. Augustine - Gabriel W. Perpall or James Grant Forbes?

Gabriel W. Perpall was the last Spanish Mayor. The temporary council listed above is mostly holdovers. The decisions of
the Council were challenged by the first. Gabriel W. Perpall would resign because he would not take the oath of
allegiance to the United States

Acting Governor Worthington {East Florida) to Governor Jackson
(Copy.) "B " St AUGUSTINE, 28th  August, 1821.
SIR, Neither wishing it, nor deeming it politic, when Captain Bell transferred his civil powers to me on the 20"' inst, as I
have already written to you that the Mayor & Council who had acted since the cession should become also
functus officio
, I that day requested them to continue still in the Gov and meet me at 10. A.M. in the Council chamber on
the 22"* the ensuing Wednesday, when I would lay before them your ordinances or such of them as could in the interim
be printed, I found that not more than one or two of them could be printed in that time, so I ordered No 3. respecting
Naturalization, to be first struck off and brought to me at the council chamber by the hour of meeting, it was so.
Mayor and Council assembled, I took my Seat as President of the Board, made a short address growing out
of the Ordinances, complimented the Mayor and the other members on the late discharge of their
functions, and as it was necessary to reorganize their body according to your Ordinances, hoped that they
would still consent to officiate—The Mayor and everyone of the Council, with the exception of Sr  Do
Francisco J. Fatio, declined, because they said they could not at this time abjure their allegiance to the King
of Spain. They were all Spanish Subjects, I did not say whether that was absolutely necessary as a
preliminary to an office in this territory, they took the ground themselves, and having taken it, I did not think
it essential for me to say it was not a necessary prerequisite, so I accepted of all their resignations, except
Mr Fatio, who when I came to him rose up and boldly said, "Sir, I will take the oath of allegiance to the
United-States with pleasure."
I then dissolved the meeting, and stuck up notices that the civil officers under the new
organization would meet at the same place on Saturday the 25th and in the most public manner take their respective
oaths of office. In the interim altho' the late Mayor and council had withdrawn from being considered candidates, I
determined to offer some of the most honourable and important appointments to the native and old inhabitants of the
province, and to endeavour to get a due number of Spaniards, Minorcans, French, Irish, Americans, &c into the new
government if they would accept of places. I wrote a circular, of which the enclosed marked A. is a copy,  to some of the
most wealthy and respectable of them to be Judges, Aldermen, &c they declined it by letter on the ground that they were
not prepared to abjure their subjection to the King of Spain and take the oath of allegiance to the United States, altho'
you will see in my circular that it is not expressed as a prerequisite, but even if I had not thought it a prerequisite, after
they had come out and said they could not take the oath of allegiance to the U. S- I could not then have thought it
proper to appoint anyone of them, I then filled up the commissions in the best way I could, as you will see by the list
marked B.a—Accordingly under the waving flag of the Union, on the 25th  the civil officers assembled with a large
concourse of people, some officers of the Army and Navy were present and forty odd Indians who had just come in.
I opened the ceremony by a short address confined to the occasion, then administered the oath to Judge Fitch, who
successively swore in Col. Forbes the new Mayor and the other officers, and the registry for naturalization was opened
at the same time; the meeting was then closed, the City Council to meet on the 27th I then opened the talk with the
Indians, which turned out to be not of sufficient consequence to detail to you, I requested Captain Bell to be present and
to take note of it, which he did, and if anything shall grow out of it worth communicating, it will be done. On the 27th  the
city council met, and I sent them the enclosed Executive communication marked C

There is from various unofficial accounts some disturbance and distractions amongst the Indians, I shall in a few days
have a Chief in, and shall endeavour to procure all necessary information, which shall be transmitted forthwith. I believe
things are exaggerated by some of our countrymen who may be mischievously and illegally intermeddling amongst them,
this is necessary to be known, and I will as soon as possible procure and transmit the information-- I have thus briefly
endeavoured to detail our acts and views consecutively as they have transpired, I will now cast an eye retrospectively by
way of recapitulating the secondary and minor incidents. With the determination agreeably to your wish of giving the
appointments of prosecuting Att and clerk of the Court of the county of St. Johns, to Major Willis, and Mr. Patterson. I
waited a week--there are neither of them here --- Judge Fitch and Captain Bell both know Mr. Patterson and Major
Murray, and I have thought under all circumstances, it would meet your approbation to appoint Mr. Murray, and have
done so, but Mr. Gibbs is appointed with the express understanding, when Major Willis arrives to relinquish it to him ---
Mr. Gibbs is an old and respectable man, the court could not go on without these two officers, it was very requisite at
this time, I hope this proceeding will meet your approbation. ..... continued.
and I sent them the enclosed Executive communication marked C u—

Florida Gazette (Saturday, September 1, 1821)
SATURDAY, September 1, 1821 .

On Saturday last, Mr. Secretary Worthington exercising the power of Governor of this province, under the Capt. Gen.
JACKSON, proceeded lo Hie farther organization of the Civil Authority of the County of St. John's and of this City, in
conformity to certain Ordinances, which have been promulgated.

The Governor, Accompanied by Capt. BELL, of, the Artillery commanding the U.S. troops, Capt. HAMMERSLEY, of the
Navy, and many Floridians, met the Civil Officers in the Council Chamber at 10 o'clock, when, after a short and
appropriate address, the following gentlemen were sworn into office:

Hon. THOMAS FITCH; Presiding Juslice,
JOHN BICKLEY and T. H. PENN, Esq'rs. Justices of the Quoram

who, with WILLIAM REYNOLDS and FARQUAR BETHUNE, Esq'rs. two Justices from the country are to form a County
Court --- of which George Gibbs, Esq. is Clerk, and J. R. Hanham, Esq. Hish Sheriff.

Hon. J. G. Forbes, Mayor.
     Antelme Gay,                Aldermen.
     Daniel Copp,
     F. J. Fatio,
     Charles Robiou,
     Philo Andrews,
     A. Triay, Esq'rs

George Murray, Esq. Clerk

The meeting was fully attended by our most respectable citizens, as well from the neighboring States as of the city, the
Officers of the Navy and Army, the French Consul for South Carolina, the Marquis De Fougere,
the late Mayor, and
officers of the late government.

The oaths were administered with much ceremony, under the suspicious waves of the Star-spangled Banner, and the
novelty of the scene was much increased by the presence, of about 50 Indians of the Chechaw tribe, who had just came
into town to visit the new Authorities.

William Travers born November 7, 1794 in St. Augustine, Florida, United States. Died October 31, 1840 in St.
Augustine, Florida, United States.

He had set out for Cuba sometime after 1821 on the schooner "Florida" with his 1st wife and their 2 children. The boat
capsized & his family drowned. In 1830, he m. Rebecca Smith & after Travers' death, she m. Joseph Finnegan in 1842.
In July of 1840, Wm. Travers executed a trust deed to Mary Smith, his mother-in-law, for his Charlotte St. property, a lot
north of St. Augustine & his 5 slaves in trust for Rebecca Smith Travers and their children.

William Travers was described as a gentleman of independent fortune & that since he had made disposition of most of
his property, he was expected to move to Cuba to join his "connections" who had moved there when Florida was ceded
to the US, but was still active in St. Augustine up to 1838, when he was one of the signatores petitioning against the
incorporation of East Florida into the new state of Florida.

St.Augustine, E.FL.3 Nov 1838:"City Election Notice: that election will take place on the 2nd Monday in Nov.(the 12th).
Inspector William Travers. Prospectus of the Town of St.Johns, already owning lot 2, Block 6. Mr.Travers St.Augustine,
The News 8 Nov 1838: Polls to be oppened 2 pm.for election to take place on the 1st Mon. in Jan.next for President of
Trustee...Wm.Travers one of the directors listed.

Died 31 Oct 1840 at his residence, at age 45; bur Old Spanish Cem. "He was a gentleman of benevolent heart &
unblemished dignity and left not an enemy behind"

Tolomato Cemetery Grave of William:"This Marble Covers the Grave of Major William Travers who d. on the 31st day of
October, aged 48 years. He was a Genrleman of Benevolent heart, and umblemeshed integrety and left not an Enemy
behind him. His mourning widow hath placed this monument. May He Rest in Peace, Amen. At his bapt.recorded in
Cathedral records, St. Augustine, his godparent Prespiter William Travers & Anna Travers (Thos. Hassett as Proxy) at
1st marriage, wit:Col. Jose Coppinger, Gov. of FL; Dr. Telasitias de Almanza.("Apostolic Missionary in Ireland")

Francis Joseph Fatio was born March 19, 1792, in St. Augustine:
BIRTH RECORD OF Francisco Phelipe Joseph FATIO 3-24-1792
Saturday, March twenty-four of seventeen hundred ninety-two. I Mr. Thomas Bassett, duly appointed priest, Vicar and
Ecclesiastic Judge of this Parochial Church, and Province of St. Augustine of Eastern Florida baptized and imposed the
Holy Oils to a boy who was born the nineteenth of the current month and year, legitimate son of Mr. Phelipe Fatio, native
of the City of London, and of his wife Mrs. Juana Cross, native of the City of New York from North America, and upon him
I performed the Holy Ceremonies, and supplications of our Holy Mother Church, and I named him Francisco Phelipe
Joseph, his Godparents (witnesses) were Jorge Flemming and Maria Magdalena Crespelj neighbors of this city, I
advised them of their spiritual bond and the other obligations, and I signed on the same day, month and year.
/ s/ Thomas Hassett

In 1818 he was appointed Alderman of Ciudad de la San Agustin, the Spanish Province of East Florida. On August 25,
1821, he was the only Spanish official to take the oath of allegiance to the United States and the first person to sign the
naturalization registry; during the period 1824-1829 he was appointed General Secretary of the Federal Land Claims
Board, Justice of the Peace, Notary Public, Commanding Colonel of the 2nd Regiment of the Territorial Militia, elected
City Councilman, elected to represent
St. Johns/Mosquito Counties in the Territorial Legislative Council and sworn in as a member of the Legislative Council

On October 15, 1829, Francis Joseph Fatio died prematurely at the age of 37 of a fever in Tallahassee and was buried
with Masonic honors in the Old City Cemetery.
Temporary Organization of St Augustine
St. Augustine, Fla, Gazette
August 4, 1821

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