|Military Terms and Equipment for the
the Presidio of St. Augustine
|arquebus - Invented about 1450 a firearm with a matchlock operated by a trigger.
bomb - shell or hollow iron ball filled with explosive, detonated by a fuse, fired from a gun
bombardier - operated mortars and howitzers
breech - back part of a cannon
coehorn - small mortar for throwing grenades
fusil - a light musket or firelock (alternate) fire steel for a tinder-box
galliot - small galley with both sails and oars
grape-shot - combination of balls, put into a thick canvas-bag and corded together to form a
cylinder the size of a cannon.
gunner - worked the cannon.
gunner's ladle - copper scoop fixed to a pole for measuring powder and loading it into a gun
langrage shot - case-shot loaded with pieces of iron of irregular shap used in naval warfare to
damage the rigging and sails of the enemy..
match - wick or cord chemically prepared to fire a charge of powder.
matross - assistant to a gunner
mortar - short piece of ordnance with a large bore and trunnions on its breech for throwing shells at
high angles to break through the vaulted roofs of barracks and magazines.
musket - smooth bore developed about 1540.
muzzle - the end of a fire-arm where the shot is discharged
pale - pointed stake
piragua - canoe made of a hollowed tree trunk
powder - mixture of saltpetre, sulphur, and charcoal. (70 parts nitre, 18 parts sulphur and 16 parts
of charcoal. Musket powder had more saltpetre than cannons.
rammer - a pole with a wood head for raming the cannon ball or charge of a cannon.
swivel gun - used mostly on the gunwale of a boat that enables the gun to be turned horizontally.
tinder-box - box where tinder, flint and steel were kept to start fires
touch-hole - a small tubular hole in the breech of a fire-arm (also called vent)
trunnion - metal knobs on the breech that enable the cannon to turn on the carriage.
wormer - a double screw on the end of a pole for extracting the wad or cartridge from a