Memorandum to President Lyndon Banes Johnson
Douglass Cater
June 11, 1964

Lyndon Banes Johnson Library
The White House

June 11, 1964
Memorandum to the President
From: Douglass Cater

1.        Martin Luther King’s Deputy, Wyatt T. Walker, phoned me from Atlanta to put in a personal entreaty following up
King’s request that you send Federal marshals to St. Augustine. He said that, in line with your assurances a year ago,
you might ask the community whether they would accept a Federal mediation team. He considers the Negro demands
reasonable and, presumably, subject to negotiation. They are: 5 policemen, 4 firemen, 3 clerical workers in city
employment, a bi-racial commission, motels, and lunch counters opened to Negroes, and a commitment from the
business community for fair hiring practices. They have proposed a 90-day deadline for employment, a 30-day deadline
for public accommodations.

2.        Harold Fleming, former head of the Southern Regional Council and a very able worker in race relation matters,
reported on a meeting at the Commerce Department yesterday on the preparatory discussions for the Conciliation
Service and said it was highly discouraging. He reported that the Commerce officials did not seem to be familiar with the
Bill, as revised, and the enormous burden that will be dumped on them the day it is enacted into law. He estimates that
there will be an immediate “crunch” on the Public Accommodations Section and the urgent need for the Conciliation

I have talked to Lee White about this. One positive step you may wish to take is to be prepared quickly to name a head
of the Service. Fleming has suggested that Governor Coombs might have both the stature and the ability to handle this
difficult job.

*From the Lyndon Banes Johnson Library
S. Douglass Cater was born in Montgomery, Alabama on August 24, 1923. During the Second World War, he served in
the OSS. He graduated with an A. B. from Harvard in 1947 and received his MA from Harvard in 1948. He married Libby
Anderson on December 20, 1950. They have four children. In 1951 he was special assistant to the Secretary of the
Army and consultant to the Director of the Mutual Security Agency in 1952. He was the Washington editor of the
Reporter magazine from 1950-1963 and national affairs editor from 1963-64. He was a Guggenheim follow in 1955 and
an Eisenhower fellow in 1957. He was the Ferris Visiting Professor of Public Affairs at Princeton in 1959 and the Visiting
Professor of Public Affairs at Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, in 1963. He was appointed Special
Assistant to the President, 1964-1968, with special emphasis on matters of health, education and welfare. He served as
advisor on domestic matters for the Hubert Humphrey Presidential campaign in the fall of 1968. After the 1968
campaign, he became a Professor at the. University of California, and is Director of the Aspen Institute for Humanistic
Studies, Palo Alto, California. He is the author of several books. He co-authored with Marques Childs, Ethics in a
Business. Society, 1963. He also wrote The Fourth Branch of Government, 1959, Power in Washington, 1964, and
Dana: The Irrelevant Man, 1970.
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