Dr. Bronson's History of St.
Augustine
The Artists Who Create the Hotels

Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848 - 1933)
Thomas Hastings met Tiffany when working for the Herter Brothers decorating the 7th Regiment
Armory in New York. Tiffany was a decorator of the Ponce de Leon Hotel. Tiffany was born
January 17, 1848 the son of Charles Lewis Tiffany, founder of Tiffany & Company, a jewelry
retailer.

Louis Tiffany began his career as a painter under Samuel Coleman and George Inness George
Inness (1825-1894) was a Hudson River School painter. in the 1860s and 1870s. He traveled
to Europe and North Africa and in1870 he became the youngest member of the National
Academy of Design. Tiffany visited St. Augustine in 1883. His St. Augustine paintings include
Carriage Waiting Beside a Wall, The Exterior of A House, A Study in St. Augustine, and
Outside of a Mosque.

Tiffany's travels introduced him to the designs of medieval and Roman glass. His first
stained-glass window was produced in 1878 and he experimented with different types of
material to create a variety of new colors for windows. The Tiffany Glass Company was founded
in 1885 and lamps were created using the throw-offs from the stained-glass windows. Tiffany
also worked with Thomas Edison in 1885 to develop decorative and stage lights for the Lyceum
Theater in New York City, the first theater ever to have electric illumination.

His range of materials included metalwork, furniture, jewelry, and ceramics in addition to glass.
His glasswork can be found in Union Congregational Church in Montclair, N.J., Trinity
Episcopal Church  in St. Augustine, and Grace United Methodist Church in St. Augustine. He
died February 18, 1933.

Louis Comfort Tiffany Source: Library of Congress LC-USZ62-115996
George Willoughby Maynard (1843-1923)
George Maynard was born in Washington, D. C. on March 5, 1843.  He painted the ceilings
in the Rotunda and dining-room at the Ponce de Leon Hotel. Maynard probably met Carrere
and Hastings in Baltimore when he was painting the murals in the Robert Garrett house.

Maynard's introduction to drawing and modeling was under Henry K. Brown. In 1867 he
enrolled in the National Academy of Design in New York.  Maynard traveled in Europe in
1869 and 1873  first to Antwerp with painter Edwin White Edwin White (1817-1877) was
an American painter who studied in Paris, Rome, and Florence. Among his important works
are:  "Pocahontas Informing Smith of the Conspiracy of the Indians" and "Washington
Resigning his Commission" and then Transylvania to the Black Sea, Constantinople, Athens,
and Rome with artist and writer Francis D. Millet.

In 1876 he made his first foray in decorative art as an assistant to John La Farge John La
Forge (1835-1910) was an artist in oil and watercolor, a magazine and book illustrator, a
muralist and designer of stained-glass windows, and an author of articles and books on art
and travel. at Trinity Church The Church was dedicated on Feb 9, 1877; it took La Forge
five months to paint the murals and decorations. in Boston. His work includes figures at the
Metropolitan Opera House --- "The Chorus" and "The Ballet", the Boston Public Library
entrance hall, and the Jefferson Building of the Library of Congress.

Maynard was a member of the Society of American Artists, the American Water Color
Society, the Tile, Players and Century Club, president of the Salmagundi Club, and a National
Academician. He received a medal of honor as one of the designers of the World's 1893
Columbian Exposition.

His paintings include:  "Mermaids and Marines," a water color called "The Sirens," "The
Angelus," and "Strange Gods." He also painted portraits including: William M. Evarts, C. C.
Beaman, Chester Chapin, and Judge Addison Brown. He also painted portraits. In 1896
Maynard submitted a design to the U.S. Treasury entitled Civilization Enthroned and
Crowned, with Civilization flanked by figures representing Adventure and Discovery.
Unfortunately the design has been lost.

Below photo George Maynard.  Source: Library of Congress LC-USZ6-1189
Herman Schladermundt (1863-1937)
The 1898 Tatler editorializes about the discernment on the part of Henry M. Flagler in
selecting Carrere and Hastings, George Maynard, and Herman Schladermundt, whose work
on the decorations of the hotel was most important (Schladermundt).
The Tatler also notes
that he spent months on the detail of the Ponce de Leon frescoes. Schladermundt's full
contribution to the Ponce de Leon Hotel is unknown but he is especially known for stained
glass and murals.

Schladermundt and another artist (Mr. Wood) were Maynard's assistants at the Ponce de
Leon Hotel. The Bacchus windows in the Rotunda and the glass ceiling of the Rotunda may be
two examples of his work.

Schladermundt worked on other Carrere and Hastings buildings, such as the Boyce
Thompson mansion where he was responsible for the stained glass and wall decorations. He
also engineered the stained glass dome in the Library of Congress (Jefferson Building), chapel
altar, rail, and surrounding pavement in St. Michael's Episcopal Church in New York City, the
stained glass window in the Missouri House of Representatives entitled Glory of Missouri in
Peace, and on the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition interior paintings: Autumn and Temple
of Ceres with Maynard.

However, in St. Augustine Schladermundt is best known for the beautiful windows of
Memorial Presbyterian Church. A few years after the church was completed, Henry Flagler
agreed to pay for stained-glass windows.
Dr. Anderson, the Pastor, and Carrere and Hastings
settled on Schladermundt to do the
Apostles Creed church windows.
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Tiffany Window at Episcopal Church