St. Augustine Florida
|Christine Mitchell (WPA Account)
An interesting description of slave days just prior to the War between the States (Civil War) is given by
Christine Mitchell, of St Augustine.
Christine was born in slavery at St Augustine, remaining on the plantation until she was about 10 years
During her slave days she knew many of the slaves on plantations in the St Augustine vicinity. Several of
these plantations, she says, were very large, and some of them had as many as 100 slaves.
The ex-slave who is now 84 years old, recalls that at least three of the plantations in the vicinity were
owned or operated by Minorcans. She says that the Minorcans were popularly referred to in the section
as "Turnbull's Darkies," a name they apparently resented. This caused many of them, she claims, to drop
or change their names to Spanish or American surnames.
Christine moved to Fernandina a few years after her freedom, and there lived near the southern tip of
Amelia Island, where Negro ex-slaves lived in a small settlement all their own. This settlement still exists,
although many of its former residents are either dead or have moved away.
Christine describes the little Amelia Island community as practically self-sustaining, its residents raising
their own food, meats, and other commodities. Fishing was a favorite vocation with them, and some of
them established themselves as small merchants of sea foods.
Several of the families of Amelia Island, according to the ex-slave, were large ones, and her own
relatives, the Drummonds, were among the largest of these.
Christine Mitchell regards herself as one of the oldest remaining exslaves in the St Augustine section,
and is very well known in the neighborhood of her home at St. Francis and Oneida Streets.